On February 28-29, 2020, at the premises of "Ismail Qemali" University of Vlora, the Albanian Supreme Audit Institution (KLSH) conducted the annual performance analysis meeting for 2019. The first day of the analysis was attended by the Prosecutor General, Mr. Olsian Çela, The Auditor General of Kosovo’s NAO, Mr. Besnik Osmani; The Rector of "Ismail Qemali" University, Prof. Dr. Roland Zisi as well as many representatives like professors, civil society experts, analysts, students from the University of Vlora and ALSAI’s auditors.
In his opening address, the Chairman of the Albanian State Supreme Audit, Mr. Bujar Leskaj, after thanking the guests for the participation, stated that ALSAI organizes this annual work analysis, as a good tradition, in the spirit of the priorities outlined by the XXIIIrd INTOSAI Congress, with the commitment to the ongoing progress of the public audit and capacity development of modern audit institutions.
ALSAI arrives in this annual general analysis, continued Mr. Leskaj, after conducting analysis meetings in each of the audit departments, from whose discourses we have summarized the findings, suggestions and observations on our work and our approach, and which was attended even by civil society. The year 2019 marks the eighth year in the journey started together at the end of 2011, despite the lack of the decision-making finalization from the high state leadership for the election of the new Chairman of the ALSAI, the activity of the institution was carried out in compliance with the Constitution and the organic law. The ALSAI, thanks to your work and dedication, has ensured the continuation of consolidation as a modern external audit institution in Albania.
In the ALSAI's internal development plan, the vocation of continuity, normality, and intense work to reach the target set is supported by our international partners, the European Court of Auditors (ECA), the US Government Accountability Office (GAO), SIGMA, EUROSAI and INTOSAI. In this regard, ALSAI has been able to maintain and ensure the integrity of processes and procedures through:
1. The audit of all necessary aspects, fulfilling the scope of audits, where, during 2019, 160 audits were completed or are in process, by number and by type/department, succeeding in the projections made on the number of audit engagements in central government institutions, local government units, tax and customs administration, state-owned companies, etc.
2. The indicator of the usefulness of audits carried out, reflected both in the value of findings, number of recommendations given and the measures implemented by the audited public entities, but also in the effect of detecting and preventing violations of legality. For 2019 it results that for every Lek spent for ALSAI, were detected and requested to be reimbursed 72.4 Leks. From the analysis of the 8-year-period 2012-2019, it results that for every one Lek spent for ALSAI it has been required to indemnify in the state coffers 82.2 Leks, or 4 times more, from 21.1 Leks which has been required in the 10-year-period (2002-2011).
3. From the audits carried out in 2019, we have identified some key issues on the sustainability of public finances, which, in the light of these years, and in our opinion, require an increased attention from the Parliament and the Government. More specifically, the results of the 2019 audits are synthesized in some key indicators for ALSAI's audit activity, as it follows:
Financial irregularities and violations, in the incomes and expenses of the government, in a total amount of ALL 27.3 billion of FINANCIAL LOSS, or EUR 223.8 million. The audit activity has been concentrated in areas where ALSAI has detected with a high level of risk. Even this year, the biggest violations with significant effects on the state budget, and not only, are related to mismanagement of revenues: inadequate management in the process of using public funds; mismanagement of state property followed by procedural irregularities and inefficiencies in conducting public procurement procedures, etc.
Violations of financial discipline with a negative impact on the performance of audited entities has been on total ALL 130.5 billion, or approximately EUR 1,044.1 million.
During the period January - December 2019, the State Supreme Audit Office completed 160 audits, out of which 140 were carried out (20 audits are in progress) according to this typology:
- 41 compliance and regularity audits;
- 42 compliance audits;
- 23 financial audits;
- 16 performance audits;
- 11 thematic audits; and
- 7 IT audits.
We have found that the percentage of financial and performance audits has increased, we have also increased the number of IT audits, which expresses not only the performance of ALSAI’s audit activity in accordance with EU requirements set out in the 2019 Progress-Report for Albania, but also with the dynamics of our country's economic and social development.
ALSAI’s audits were carried out in a significant number of 192 entities, whether these central institutions and subordinate units (various ministries and agencies, central and regional directorates, etc.); local self-government units (municipalities and counties), public companies in which the state holds more than 50% of the shares and, last but not least, by auditing foreign-funded projects, etc., covering the entire cycle of their activity (revenue and costs, etc.), and of which performance audits make up not a small portion.
Mr. Leskaj, at the end of his speech, focused on key audit findings, proposed recommendations and measures, criminal reports, SWOT analysis, etc. (for more details, on the ALSAI official website we have published the full speech of the Chairman).
Afterwards, the Prosecutor General, Mr. Olsian Cela, addressed his speech by highly praising his presence as Prosecutor General in the annual ALSAI analysis meeting, and emphasizing that the cooperation between the two institutions is essential in relation to criminal offenses related with the mismanagement of public property. Our cooperation, continued Çela, has been institutionalized since 2012 through the signing of a joint cooperation agreement and this analysis will serve us to improve our work in increasing the fight against economic crime. Mr. Çela raised the concern that the ALSAI criminal reports are too complex and require a voluminous work by prosecutors to establish whether there are made criminal offenses by public officials or not. For this reason, it would be preferable for the ALSAI's criminal reports to focus only on the facts related to the criminal offense, possibly accompanied by documents. In conclusion, Mr. Cela proposed that, if considered reasonable by the Chairman of the ALSAI, a revision of the agreement between the two institutions, in order for this agreement to adapt to changes in time, shall be made. Mr. Leskaj agreed to sign the agreement with the aim of synergizing the policies of both institutions.
The Auditor General of the National Audit Office of Kosovo, Mr. Besnik Osmani, initially expressed his gratitude for the invitation and for the personal commitment of the Chairman of ALSAI in promoting the National Audit Office of Kosovo (NAOK) in European and global institutions. Mr. Leskaj's contribution to the admission of the NAOK as a full member of INTOSAI has been extraordinary. Mr. Osmani continued his discussion by emphasizing that the cooperation between the NAOK and ALSAI has been at its best among the institutions of Tirana and Pristina. Professional cooperation will be enhanced between NAOK and ALSAI and especially between joint audit groups giving new impetus to this cooperation. Mr. Osmani ended his speech by stating that "we do not have and will not have a protocol for cooperation between ALSAI and NAOK but will expect any auditor of ALSAI to be an auditor of NAOK".
The Rector of "Ismail Qemali" University, Prof. Dr. Roland Zisi, as a host of this event, appreciated the organization of the ALSAI annual analysis meeting for the third time in this important educational institution. The annual analysis program is extensive, diverse and gives us the opportunity to benefit from the experience of ALSAI’s auditors.
Ms. Lindita Lati, Director General discussed institutional performance, referring to the Performance Measurement Framework (PMF) for 2019 in six areas under the following scheme:
A. Independence and Legal Framework
B. Internal Governance and Ethics
C. Audit Quality and Reporting
D. Financial Management, Assets and Services
E. Human Resources and Training
F. Communication and Management of Stakeholders
According to the PMF it results that for three out of six areas, ALSAI performs above the average, level 4 (out of 4) and for the other three areas ranges from 3 to 3.5.
Based on the above, the ALSAI challenges for the next period are:
• inclusion in the annual plan of measurable indicators at the product and output level;
• consultation with stakeholders of the envisaged annual plan;
• tracking public visibility and measuring impact through external feedback in accordance with ISSAI 20;
• coverage and selection of performance audit objectives;
• a clear determination of the materiality and risk as a whole for each audit and its specific elements;
• drafting the report in a shorter and easily understandable form, etc.
Afterwards, Ms. Milo focused on the communication and transparency of the ALSAI’s activity and its importance for the citizens and stakeholders, referring to the monitoring results of the implementation of ALSAI’s communication strategy 2017-2019 for all six objectives of this strategy, which was completed in August 2019. Ms. Milo identified the strengths and weaknesses so that any unrealized elements could be reflected in the new Communication Strategy being prepared (according to the monitoring of the communication strategy action plan turns out to be 90% implemented.) During 2019, the print press reflected ALSAI press reports and statements in a number of 336 articles, reports, editorials and analytical comments. Communication and cooperation with the media continues in the same spirit and intensity and all media are invited to participate in the annual analysis of the Audit Departments, thereby increasing the transparency of ALSAI’s activity.
For the seven-year-period 2013-2019, all ALSAI auditors have published a total of 764 articles in almost all the country's newspapers. To understand the dynamics, we can mention that for 2019, 90 auditors, out of which about 30% of them new auditors, were present in almost all newspapers with 122 articles. Auditors' articles represent the face of our audit work on findings and issues raised during the audit, directly serving the citizen.
During the last eight years, ALSAI has signed 60 cooperation agreements, of which 33 with NGOs and Public or Private Universities, 17 with counterpart institutions as well as other agreements with public institutions.
Ms. Milo listed other activities that serve to increase transparency such as the organization for the third consecutive year of the Open Month, the Young ALSAI Conference, attending the Book Fair, enriching the ALSAI publications column with 11 publications during 2019, etc. A the end, Ms. Milo focused on HR policies, quality recruitment, the importance given to staff training, especially new staff, the careful development of staff professional careers, etc.
Ms. Manjola Naço, Director General discussed the performance of audit activity throughout 2019, focusing her presentation on the Performance Measurement Indicators under scope C of the PMF Framework, used for each Department:
• Audit coverage;
• Implementation of standards and audit processes;
• Impact of audit activity by type of audit.
The State Budget Audit Department carried out 14 audits during 2019, thus covering 100% the state expenses (476,147 million ALL, 28.9% of GDP) in the Treasury and Budget Directorates. State budget revenues of ALL 449,909 million (27.3% of GDP) were audited at 67.9% and the budget deficit of ALL 26,238 million was audited at 100% (Director of Debt and Treasury). This level of audit coverage is appropriate to conclude in an ISSAI-based opinion. Mrs. Manjola Naco presented the impact that the audits of this Department and the ALSAI work in general have had on the well-management of Public Finance. Among other things, she noted that ALSAI continues to emphasize the need for a credible budgeting process because an optimistic revenue budgeting entails unrealistic expenditure planning which is then associated with budget cuts and unforeseen liabilities. ALSAI has demanded for a fair implementation of the requirements of the laws on financial management and control by public institutions, aiming at establishing effective internal control systems with an impact on the performance of the administration. Public sector financial reporting remains out of the spotlight of the Ministry of Finance and Economy, despite the urgent need for sound and complete financial information related to the quality of governing decision-making. ALSAI stresses that the risk to public finances and fiscal sustainability of the country from concessionary / PPP contracts is high. This department has audited in the following areas: Public procurement 35.5%, local taxes 56.8%, sale and leasing of state property 2.2% and other 6.5%. 659 (30.5%) procurement procedures out of 2,196 were audited in total.
Concerning the Audit Department of Public Enterprises and Foreign Investments, the audit findings mainly focused on foreign projects and IPA projects (6 such audits).
The Department of Asset and Environmental Audit carried out 23 out of 19 planned audits. The identified problems reflect the need to improve the work of the Land Register Offices and the Agencies for Legalization of Informal Property.
Information Technology Audit Department conducted 7 audits out of 6 planned and covered 17 audits out of 6 planned in 2018. Audit findings result in: Information Security 32%, IT Governance 22%, Development and Procurement Outsourcing 21%, Application Controls 14%, IT Operations 6% and Backup plan and Disaster Recovery 5%. At the end of the discussion, Mrs. Naço focused on the audit activity challenges for 2020 mainly related to the principles of professionalism, integrity and objectivity. in the work of each auditor.
Mr. Rinald Muca, Director General and Director of the Performance Audit Department focused his discussion on the analysis of the Audit Department's performance on four key points:
1. Audit work
Performance auditing increased in quality but not in quantity throughout 2019. From a quantitative perspective, a total of 15 audits were completed in over 70 subjects, with a number of findings, conclusions and recommendations of over 500, 400 and 350, respectively. On average, each audit yielded 35 findings, 25 conclusions, and 25 recommendations, more or less the same as a year ago. From the point of view of 3Es, findings, conclusions and recommendations addressing economics were 150, efficiency 450 and effectiveness 650.
From the point of view of time allocation, 7 out of 15 audits were conducted during the first half of the year, while the 8 audits were conducted in the second half.
All of last year's performance audits covered topics with high public interest, including audits on Quality and Safety of Medicines, Aquaculture, Cell Phone Market Surveillance, Foreign Project Monitoring, and others.
2.Departmental capacity building
In 2019 the department experienced slight staff changes. From the training point of view, the minimum number of training days (25 per year) is generally respected, but the publication of the training calendar at the beginning of the year is lacking and there are no coherent training curricula. Concerning recruitment, the formation of department members continues to be diverse, as it is the performance audit. Economists and lawyers dominate, but we also have environmental engineers, international relations graduates, and so on. Average age of the Performance Audit Department is currently 43 years old.
In terms of communication, the department has published on the ALSAI official website all the audits conducted in 2019, in the form of an extract from the Chairman's decision. The full report is published on our official website, which the department also does on our Facebook, LinkedIn and Instagram pages. Regarding the presence on FB, 2019 saw an increase in audience. We currently have 3500 followers, but in the case of good audit publications, we reach an audience of 20,000-21,000 through sponsored posting.
In the print media we were present last year with over 20 articles as a department and in our ALSAI magazine with about 1-2 of them.
For 2020 we plan to conduct 18 new audits. In institutional terms, departmental work will account for 14% of the number of ALSAI audits. The most pressing challenge remains the impact on the Parliament and the public, which is a multi-dimensional challenge.
Ms. Silvana Ramadani, auditor in the Performance Audit Department, briefed on the development in the ALSAI on February 17-21, 2020, of the IntoSAINT Integrity Self-Assessment Workshop. This workshop was organized as a follow-up to the activities organized by the EUROSAI Task Force on Audit and Ethics. The main objective for the creation of this Task Force was to promote the importance of ethical conduct in both Supreme Audit Institutions and public sector organizations.
In order to meet this objective, in the period 2017-2020 the activities of this Task Force focused on revising ISSAI 30, supporting the implementation of ISSAI 30 and encouraging the ALSAI to promote integrity in the public sector. Ms. Ramadani continued with the methodology used for the self-assessment of integrity in this Workshop and on the object of this process that was the whole ALSAI Institutional activity. The group of 15 participants of ALSAI in this workshop identified some of the risks that may affect integrity vulnerability. Based on the responses provided by the ALSAI auditors at the end of the integrity self-assessment process, some recommendations were proposed with the aim of further and continuous improvement, as well as consolidation of the structures and policies for integrity in the ALSAI.
At the end of this Workshop, a group of moderators positively assessed the work and results achieved by the workshop, with particular appreciation for the managerial direction of the Chairman of ALSAI, who initiated substantial changes related to the adoption of the new ALSAI Code of Ethics, a document fully in line with ISSAI 30 and best practices in the field, the translation into Albanian of ISSAI 30, the publication “Strengthening Ethical Infrastructure in SAIs and Ethics Auditing in Public Sector ”and the publication “IntoSAINT - Integrity Self-Assessment Manual for Supreme Audit Institutions”. The seminar ended with the presentation of the final report by the moderators to the management staff.
During January of this year, all ALSAI audit departments conducted their annual work analysis of the 2019 audit activity, during which it was widely discussed about the audits carried out during 2019 identifying strengths and weaknesses in order to improve future work. The heads of audit departments performed an analysis of the work of the departments they lead, analyzing each audit, identifying the work of each audit team, and identifying the challenges for 2020 (audit work analysis reports for each audit department are published in official website of ALSAI). The discussions were held by:
• Mr. Bashkim Arizaj, Director, Audit Department of Central Institutions;
• Ms. Valbona Gaxha, Chief Auditor, State Budget Audit Department;
• Ms. Yllka Pulashi, Director, Audit Department of Public Companies and Foreign Investments;
• Mr. Artan Mirashi, Chief Auditor, Asset and Environmental Audit Department (The material was prepared by Mr. Bajram Lamaj, Director of the Department);
• Mr. Kozma Kondakçiu, Director, IT Audit Department;
• Mr. Vullnet Karafilaj, Director, Local Government Audit Department;
• Mr. Gjovalin Preçi, Director, Department of Auditing Methodology, Standards and Quality Assurance;
• Mr. Arthur Hasanbelliu, Director, Directorate of Internal Audit;
• Mr. Koco Sokoli, Director, Law Department.
On the morning of February 28, a group of ALSAI director, Mr. Bajram Lamaj, Director of the Department of Asset and Environmental Audit, Mr. Qeram Cibaku, Director of the Directorate of Methodology and Development, Ms. Aulona Jani, Chief Auditor in the Audit Department of Central Institutions and Ms. Valbona Gaxha, Head of Audit at the State Budget Audit Department, held open lectures with students of "Ismail Qemali" University of Vlora. The lectures were attended with interest by the students.
At the conclusion of the first day's activities with great interest the attendees followed the presentation of the best audits of 2019 for each Audit Department:
• Mr. Rigels Guzi, State Budget Audit Department, “Compliance Audit, Directorate of Concessions, Ministry of Finance and Economy”;
• Ms. Mariola Llanaj, Central Institutions Audit Department, “National Food Authority, Tirana”;
• Mrs. Lolita Baholli, Local Government Audit Department, “Financial and Compliance Audit in Saranda Municipality”;
• Ms. Ermira Vojka, Performance Audit Department, “MARD’s Performance in the Implementation of Fisheries and Aquaculture Policies”;
• Mr. Benard Haka, IT Audit Department, “Audit of IT systems in the Ministry of Finance and Economy”;
• Mr. Artan Topjana, Public Companies and Foreign Investments Audit Department, “Compliance Audit at Albpetrol sh.a. Patos”;
• Mr. Dorino Mece, Asset and Environmental Audit Department, “Audit of the SCA Local Office (former RERO), Bulqiza”.
At the conclusion of the ALSAI Annual Analysis for 2019, the ALSAI Chairman set out the challenges and priorities of the institution for 2020:
1. SAI will continue its risk-based external audit approach, first launched in June 2018. In line with the recommendations of the Council of Europe Progress Report, it will aim to increase the number of performance audits and IT in the total of SAI audits.
2. Financial audits will result in professional audit opinions, including the provision of an opinion on the execution of the state budget, a process started in 2017. Improving the quality of auditing so that its activities are carried out in accordance with the requirements of the Audit Procedures Regulation.
3. Intensify the processes of Implementation of Recommendations, in the spirit of Principle no. 7 of the Mexico Declaration, and ALSAI’s Instruction No. 1, dated 04.11.2016 “On the procedures for monitoring and documenting the work in auditing the verification of the implementation of the recommendations of the Supreme State Audit”, reflecting improvements of the ALSAI’s regulatory and functional framework.
4. Implementation of the Human Resources policy paper, which includes nine constituent elements, such as the recruitment of experienced auditors, the strengthening of professional capacity through training, the need to develop the culture of a continuing education, the promotion of ethical values of staff, etc.
5. In the area of Quality Control for ALSAI, our role in accordance with ISSAI 40 will be focused on the continuous monitoring of the quality of engagements as well as the annual realization of the quality control process in the cold, and SAI's commitment to ethical principles.
6. In terms of methodology and development, our focus will be on revising and improving manuals and methodologies, finalizing in collaboration with SIGMA, the State Budget Audit Guide.
7. Continuation of measures to improve the professional development of audit staff. SAI in implementing the Strategic Development Plan 2018-2022 and Communication Strategy 2017-2019 aims at strengthening the capacities and professional development of auditors, maintaining on average of 25-day professional training per year, according to the integrated professional development program approved by Decision of the Chairman of ALSAI no. 187, dated 31.12.2019.
8. Organizing and placing the 7th International Conference on “United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2030 and Albania”.
9. Advancement in the application of software for audit function (SIMMPA), as well as improvement and revision of the SAI audit procedures regulation, in particular directions such as formulating audit opinions and standardizing audit reports, work, etc.
10. SAI will continue to engage in the exchange of experiences internationally, through participation in the EUROSAI and INTOSAI working groups' roundtables; conducting pilot, parallel and joint audits with partner SAIs, according to the INTOSAI motto, that "shared experiences benefit everyone". In this context, ALSAI considers primary the international rock of experience, as defined in Article 15 of ISSAI 1, being an active member, through contributions and engagement in EUROSAI working groups and regional meetings of mutual benefit.
11. ALSAI will continue with the drafting of the Annual Monitoring Report of the Development Strategy, if the objectives are SMART (specific, measurable, achievable and timely achieved), identifying the progress of its implementation will serve to review this Strategy.
12. Optimizing professional capacities, auditing skills, working procedures, logistics and other support functions.
13. The Communication Strategy 2017-2019 will be analyzed and deepened, through increased internal communication in the institution and exchange of information between departments.
14. Increasing the impact of audit work with a focus on 6 E's: efficiency, effectiveness, economics, ethics, environment and energy.
15. We will aim to meet the challenge of drafting a "National Risk Map" as a comprehensive document that defines and assesses political, economic, social, technical and environmental risk across the public sector in Albania.
Also, the Albanian Supreme Audit Institution as the highest economic and financial institution will be guided by the principle of fulfilling its constitutional obligations by acting as an agent of the Assembly to ensure increased accountability and transparency in the use of public money by central and local government institutions.
On February 29, the institution's analysis continued with some social activities, initially with a visit to the Vlora City Library "Shefqet Musaraj", in order to donate the ALSAI series of publications for 2019, 11 titles:
• Performance of ALSAI activity for 2018 (in Albanian and English);
• Scientific-Research Magazine, “Public Audit” (No.21, No.22 and No.23);
• Public Procurement Audit Manual;
• 3 Years External Public Audit;
• Regulation of ALSAI Audit Procedures and Regulation of Process Management System;
• ALSAI auditors in daily press (volume XXII);
• Young ALSAI Conference 2019;
• GAO and NIK - Dodaro Lectures.
It is not the first time that ALSAI has donated its publications to the Libraries of different cities of the country and to the libraries of Universities. In this library, ALSAI has donated a total of 113 book titles (full column of publications), among which we can list 23 publications of the Scientific Research Journal "Public Audit".
The Chairman of ALSAI, Mr. Bujar Leskaj made an overview of SAI’s publications in 8 years, emphasizing the great importance they have for the transparency of the activity of the institution (113 publications in the last 8 years and only 12 publications in 20 years 1991-2011).
Mrs. Eda Rama, Director of the Library, thanked Mr. Leskaj for the care shown to the city of Vlora and especially for the city library, whose friend he has been since his childhood.
After this visit, all ALSAI auditors gathered again at the Ismail Qemali University premises to discuss author Preç Zogaj's latest book "Anjeza did not wake up". The inauguration was attended by the Rector of the University, Mr. Roland Zisi, Prof.Dr.Bardhosh Gace, Vice-President of the Association "Petro Marko", poet Eqerem Canaj and Mrs. Edlira Cerkezi, head of Literature Teaching Group at Ismail Qemali University.
All praised Mr. Zogaj's work as a prose title that comes naturally in his works. Zogaj returns with this novel that takes us back in time to Lezha in 1985. Written in a realistic style with all the tragedy that history carries, Zogaj shows in this work that the theme of love is the foremost theme of literature and every work written is simply a refinement of this theme. In this novel, the writer Zogaj shines through in his story. The poet, analyst and publicist Zogaj welcomed the SAI auditors and spoke modestly about his latest work, praising the staff's interest in the book. Mr. Zogaj addressed to Mr. Bujar Leskaj a special thanks, describing him as a friend of writers and a lover of literature. After the book "Anjeza did not wake up", the activity focused on the work of the writer "Petro Marko". Speaking about the life and work of Petro Marko, the ALSAI’s Chairman underlined: “... Whenever I hear people speaking about figures of Petro Marko’s dimension and talent, I think that there is always an opportunity to discuss on important things about the country, nation, culture and literature. Petro Marko was such, and as such, he "imposes" upon him two great dimensions unfolding in his person: man and writer. Petro Marko was such, and as such, he "imposes" upon him two great dimensions unfolding in his person: man and writer. As it happens, every great man may not be a great writer, and vice versa at Petro Marko they were joined together, the great man and writer. The stories of the famous people in the world have brought us rare recognition of the survival of particular people. Petro Marko has a survival story as a man and as a writer. His knowledge and activity paths in his early youth intersect with the best Albanian knowledge personalities as Kole Kamsi, Ernest Koliqi, Hil Mosi, Asim Vokshi, Omer Nishani and the misery poets Migjeni, Lazar Fundo, etc. Petro Marko collide from side to side because of the broken balance of developments In the country and in Europe, but also because of his character, the sense and the need for individual and social freedom. He clashed with all the political regimes in which he lived, whether monarchist, fascist, Nazi or Albanian totalitarian, being the most persecuted literary and publicist person in Albania. His pen was never flattery, even though one year was not like the other. Petro Marko remained a man where the concept of freedom appeared in all its forms, despite the changes and developments his artistic work has never had and will not need to be revised. "
Then spoke Prof. Dr. Bardhosh Gace, who, with simplicity, lovingly and naturally, revealed the work and character of one of his closest friends, the writer Petro Marko. Professor Gace spoke about the difficulties of the dictatorship and the literary work of this giant of Albanian letters. Auditors followed with great interest this unusual and unique confession of a friend to his friend, remembering with nostalgia this extraordinary man who has made a name for himself in Albanian literature.
These activities ended the annual analysis of the ALSAI for 2019.